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Week 4       Prophecy of Jesus Coming   Day 1

Learning Goals
        You will be able to:
    1. that the Bible says Christ existed before the world was created.
    2. three ways God could have responded to sin.

Adam rebelled against God and brought sin into the world, three course of action were open to God.
He could condemn all mankind without mercy, He could overlook the rebellion and pretend that man
and God’s relationship had not been broken or He could offer a way of salvation to those who wanted
to repent and return to God. The last way was the only course of justice and love. So God sent a Savior to lead
His people from their sins. This Savior is Jesus.
Question 1
What three ways could God have responded to Adam’s sin?

Question 2
Why was offering a way of salvation to those who wanted to repent and return to God the only just
and loving response to sin?

God’s promise of a Savior came as early as Genesis 3:15. God was assuring us that He would stand
between us and Satan when he said, “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between
your offspring and hers; he will crush your head and you will strike his heel.”
This promise was repeated may times in the centuries to follow.
Question 4
What promise is given in Genesis 3:15?

The Pre-existence of Christ
Ordinary men begin when two cells unit in the mother’s body. Jesus did not begin this way.
He existed in an eternal past. This is difficult to understand but it is clearly taught in the New Testament.
John 1:1-2 states, “In the beginning was the Word and the word was with God and the word was God.
The same was in the beginning with God.” The same words used here to describe Jesus are found
in Genesis 1:1. “In the beginning”. Jesus was with God, the Father, before the creation of the world.

John 1:3 states that Christ was involved in the creation of the world: “All things were made through Him
and without Him was not anything made.” Paul confirms John’s statement in
Colossians 1:16: “For in Him were all things created, in the heavens and upon the earth, things visible
and things invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers, all things have been created
through Him and unto Him.”
Verse 17 continues, “And He is before all things and in Him all things consist.”

Question 4
Match the following:
  John 1:1-2         He (Jesus) is before all things
  John 1:3         Christ was involved in the creation
  Colossians 1:16       In the beginning
  Colossians 1: 17       For Him (Jesus) were all things created

Jesus spoke of His eternal past.
He told the Jews, “I tell you the truth, before Abraham was born, I am.” (John 8:58)
While praying He stated, “And now, Father glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you
before the world began” (Luke 17:5).

Question 5
Did Jesus ever say He existed before the world began? ______ yes _______no

Week 4         Incarnation         Day 2
Learning goals
        You will be able to:
    1. define the word “incarnation” and explain how it relates to Jesus.
    2. three reasons for acceptance of the virgin birth.

Two Thousand years ago, Jesus entered the human race in a small Jewish village. His family was poor.
He belonged to a minority group. He lived in one of the smallest countries in the world. He died when he was 33 years old. His public ministry only lasted three years. This was the incarnation of God.

Incarnation means becoming flesh. The eternal son of God came to earth and because a man.
“The Word became flesh and lived for a while among us” John 1:14.
Question 1
What does incarnation mean?

Jesus incarnation is unique. He was born of a woman. However He had no earthly father. He was conceived
by the Holy Spirit. By being born of a woman, Jesus submitted to the conditions of a human life and a human body.
The salvation of the world depended on the heart beat of a fragile infant lying in the straw of a barn.
Question 2
Why is Jesus’ incarnation unique?

We must never forget the supernatural acts surrounding Christ’s birth (Matthew 1:18-20;
Luke 1: 26-35; John 1: 14). Mary was a virgin! All the traditions of the early church recognize the virgin birth.
All earliest manuscripts in all the ancient versions of scripture record it. It is mentioned in the earliest church creeds.
Denial of the virgin birth is refusal to accept the basic supernatural deity of Jesus. The fact that the virgin birth is
attested by the scriptures, by tradition, by creeds, and agrees with God’s promise to enter into human existence, should be enough proof of its truth.
Question 3
Circle the correct answers:
The virgin birth is confirmed in:
        Historical writings
        Our understanding of God

Jesus supernatural conception did not lessen His humanity. The Gospels (Mathew, Mark, Luke, and John) are
a record of His humanity and divinity.

Question 4

Use your Bible to discover some of Jesus’ human traits.
In His childhood years, we learn that Jesus ___________ and because ____________
He grew ____________________ and needed _____________ (John 4:6, Matthew 8:24).
He knew sorrow and ___________________ (John 11:35).
As He faced death He was __________________ (Luke 22:44), ______________________ (John 12:27).
He suffered and ____________________________ (John 19:30-34)
. (Luke 2:40, 52).
In adulthood, Jesus was ___________________ (Matthew 4:2).

The importance of Jesus’ incarnation is three-fold. Jesus became a human being to communicate
God’s love to man. This is the idea in John 1: 14: “…the word became flesh.”

Second, it was only when God in Christ took on a body similar to ours that He could experience human
temptation and sympathize with our weakness (Hebrews 4:15).

Finally, with a flesh and blood body, Jesus could fulfill the requirements of the Law in order that humanity
can have salvation (Ephesians 2:15; Matthew 5:17; Colossians 2:14).
Question 5
How did the incarnation of Jesus communicate God’s love to mankind?

Question 6
Why did God need a flesh and blood body to understand our weakness?

Question 7
What requirements of the Law did Jesus fulfill with the incarnation?

Week 4                     Day 3

Learning Goals
        You will be able to:
    1. how Jesus is different from all other religious leaders
    2. Jesus’ human attributes
    3. Jesus’ deity from bible statements

Jesus is not only the son of man, He is the Son of God. He differs from all other religious leaders.
Buddha, Mohammed and Confucius never claim to be God. Jesus claimed deity for himself. “Anyone who has
seen me has seen the Father.” (Luke 14:9). “I and the Father are one.” (John 10:30).
Jesus assumed the power of God by forgiving sin: “
When Jesus saw their faith, he said, ‘Son your sins are forgiven.” (Mark 2:5).
Jesus was crucified because He claimed to be God (John 19:7, 10:30, 6:38, and 4:34).

Peter replied after Christ asked Him who He was: “You are the Christ, Son of the living God.” (Matthew 16:16).
Jesus responded not with correction but by confirming Peter’s words: Blessed are you Simon son of Jonah,
for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven.” (Matthew 16:17)
Question 1
Fill in the scripture reference
In Jesus, we find man and God. As man he was hungry as God He fed the hungry
multitudes with five barley loaves and two fish. ( ). As man he grew tired, but as God He gave rest
to the weary. ( ). As man He needed sleep but as God He rose and stopped the storm. ( ).
As a man he died but as God He rose from the dead ( ).

Jesus is the God-Man. As the God-Man, He became savior of the world.

Question 2
Write Man by the human attributes of Jesus and God by the divine attributes
Rose from the dead _________
Gave rest to the weary ________
Healed the sick _________
Died ________
Fed the multitudes_____-___
Calmed the storm_________

We have already seen (Week 4 Day 2) that there was never another birth like that of Jesus.
That Mary was a virgin is a witness to Jesus’ divine nature. Several other factors further confirm
the deity of Jesus. Jesus lived a perfect life” “(Jesus) has been tempted in every way, just as we are—
yet was without sin.”
(Hebrews 4:15). He challenged His enemies to name even one sin He had committed:
“Can any of you prove me guilty of sin?” (John 8:48). Jesus’ perfect life points to His deity.

When men were sent from Jerusalem to seize Jesus and bring Him to the Sanhedrin
they returned without him. When asked why they had not arrested Jesus, they answered: No one ever spoke
the way this man does” (John 7:46). No other man spoke like Jesus because there was never another like Him.
His words were understandable to the educated and the uneducated. His message had an eternal life changing effect.

Jesus teachings point to his deity. Jesus ministry was one of reconciliation and healing.
He claimed, “..the work that the Father has given me to finish and which I am doing testifies that the
Father sent me.” (John 5:36). John 8:12-30 validates Jesus testimony in a confrontation with the Pharisees.
The heart of the chapter says: “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness,
but will have the light of life” (John 8:12).

Jesus works confirm His deity. Paul declared that the resurrection of Jesus was proof of his deity: “…regarding his son, who as to his human nature was a descendent of David, and who through the spirit
of holiness was declared with power to be the son of God by His resurrection from the dead: Christ our Lord”
(Romans 1: 3-4).

Jesus was nailed to a cross, where He hung until He died. His dead body was placed in a tomb.
A large rock covered the mouth of the tomb. Roman soldiers guarded the grave to insure it was not disturbed.
Then on the third day, Jesus rose from the dead and lived! That according to Paul is proof that Jesus is divine.
Question 3
List the five proofs of the deity of Jesus.
Week 4       Ministry     Day 4
Learning Goals
        You will be able to:
    1. explain the significance of Jesus’ death
    2. and describe the three-fold ministry of Jesus
    3. discuss four things Jesus death means for mankind

The earthly ministry of Jesus began when He was baptized (Matthew 3:13-17). He was baptized to fulfill the Scripture.
His baptism identified Him with John the Baptist’s ministry of turning individuals from sin to righteousness.
Question 1
  1. did Jesus baptism signify?
( ) His need for forgiveness
( ) The beginning of His ministry
( ) Jesus desire to join John the Baptist’s church

Jesus ministry is three-fold It is a prophetic ministry, a priestly ministry and a kingly ministry.

Jesus as Prophet
Both Old and New Testament passages predict Jesus role as a prophet (Deuteronomy 18:18-19;
Matthew 13:57, 16:14, 21:11; John 1:21; Acts 3:22, 7:37). The prophetic ministry of Jesus began at the River Jordan
when the Holy Spirit came upon Him in the form of a dove. It ended at the cross when He sacrificed Himself for mankind’s sin (Matthew 4:23-25; Luke 4:14:27; Acts 2: 22-23; Hebrews 9:26-28).
Question 2
When did the prophetic ministry of Jesus begin and end?

The idea of the prophetic office is the “bringing of light”. A secondary idea is the prediction of the future.
Old Testament prophets had insight and foresight. Looking into the past was also a prophetic function.
Moses used this ability when he wrote Genesis 1-2.
Question 3
Circle the primary responsibility of the prophet:
  1. the truth
  2. Answer questions no one else can answer
  3. light

The original name of a prophet was seer (I Kings 9:9; II Kings 17:13). A seer is a person who sees things not seen by mortal eyes. The word prophet comes from the Greek “pro—before and “phemi” meaning to speak.
So a prophet was one who spoke as a mouthpiece of God (Exodus 4:15-16, 4:10-17. An Old Testament prophet fulfilled
his ministry by teaching, predicting and healing. Jesus did all of these.

Question 4
What Prophetic ministry did Jesus fulfill in each of the following passages?

I Peter 1:10

Mathew 5-7
Matthew 24
Matthew 8-9
Matthew 5: 2
Matthew 7:28-29
John 6:63
Revelation 1: 10-11
John 10:25
Acts 2:22
John 13:15
I Peter 2:21-23
John 14:26

Jesus as Priest
Psalm 110:4 announces the requirement that Jesus should be a priest. His priesthood is not in the line of Aaron
but is formed in heaven. It is unchanging and eternal (Hebrews 5:6, 6:20, 7:21). A priest is a mediator—one who
intercedes with a just God on behalf of guilty sinners (Leviticus 4:16-18).

Question 5 Define Priest
Jesus’ priestly ministry began at the cross when He offered Himself as a sacrifice for sin.
It will end when He returns as King (Hebrews 8-9).
Question 6
When did Jesus’ priestly ministry begin and end?

The Old Testament priest had a three-fold function: First to offer sacrifices before the people; second to go within the veil
to make intercession for the people; and third to come fore ward and bless the people.
As priest, Jesus fulfills these three functions.

The first duty was fulfilled when He offered Himself on the cross as a sacrificial payment for our sins.
Second, intercession, He is accomplishing now while seated at the right hand of God. He speaks in our behalf before God.
Third, benediction, He will accomplish when He returns and blesses us for our faith (Hebrews 9:27-28; I Peter 1: 18-20;
Romans 8:34; Hebrews 7:25; II Thessalonians 1:10; I Peter 1: 4-5; Revelation 1:5, 20:4)

Question 7
What are Jesus priestly function?

Jesus as King
The kingship of Jesus will begin when He returns for the final judgment of the world (see doctrine of last things Week 10).
As king, Jesus shall judge His subjects—all of humanity.
Question 8
List the three divisions of Jesus’ ministry

We see that Jesus’ earthly ministry began at His Baptist but it will not end until He returns as king and judges the world.
Jesus earthly ministry as described in the Gospels was directed toward the cross. God became flesh and blood in order that
He might die (Hebrews 2:14). He came to give His life as a ransom form many (Matthew 20:28)

Jesus’ death results in the redemption of those who accept Him as Savior. Christianity is not merely a system of ethics. It is a lifestyle of redemption through Christ Jesus.

The Bible explains what the death of Jesus means to mankind in a four-fold way:
Ransom means to deliver a thing or person by paying a price. It is buying back a person or thing by paying the price
for which it is held in captivity (Leviticus 25:47-49). Each individual’s soul is under a sentence of death
because of sin (Genesis 3: 1-13; Ezekiel 18:4). By His death, Jesus who lived a sinless life pays the price that is required
for forgiveness of sin. He died in our place and we go free (Matthew 20:28; I Peter 1:18; I Timothy 2:6; Galatians 3:13).

Propitiation means mercy seat or covering. It is that which god uses to cover or pardon the repentant sinner.
Jesus is the propitiation for the individual’s sin (romans 3:25; I John 2:2; Hebrews 2:17)

Reconciliation means to bring two warring parties together in peace. Jesus is the peacemaker. His death removed
the barrier existing between God and mankind. Jesus stands between God and sinful people. He reaches out to bring God
and sinners together for the purpose of mutual fellowship (Romans 5:10; II Corinthians 5:18-19; Ephesians 2:16; Colossians 1:20).


The Passover Lamb (Exodus 12) illustrates the meaning of substitution. One life is given for another.
Jesus has become our Passover Lamb (I Corinthians 5:7). God made Christ, who knew no sin, to be sin for us.
Jesus bore our sins. He died in our place. He willingly paid for our wrongdoing. He substituted himself for us (John 10:17-18).

Substitution means that Jesus died for our sins and that we do not have to die for them if we accept His sacrifice
(Isaiah 53:6; I Peter 2:24, 3:18; II Corinthians 5: 21).
Question 9
List the four explanations of what Jesus’ death means for the world.




Death did not end Jesus’ ministry. He rose from the grave. Christianity is the only religion that bases its claims
to acceptance upon the resurrection of its founder. Paul flatly states the importance of the resurrection:
“And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith (I Corinthians 15:14).

Jesus placed such high regard on the resurrection that He remained on earth forty days after leaving the tomb
to give evidence that He had defeated death (Matthew 12:39-40; John 2: 20-22).

The resurrection had such an impact on the Christian church that it changed the day of worship from Saturday,
the Jewish Sabbath, to Sunday, the day of Jesus’ resurrection.
Question 10
Why do Christians worship on Sunday rather than the Sabbath which is Saturday?