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Spiritual Beings
Week 9         Angels       Day 1
Learning Goals:
        You will be able to:
    1. list four practical reasons for studying about angels
    2. answer yes or no as to whether Jesus believed in angels
    3. define the word “angel”
    4. list four principle functions of angels
    5. match the four functions with scripture
    6. list seven facts about the nature of angels

Angels are mentioned in both the Old and New Testament. Jesus referred to them
many times. When speaking about “little ones”, Jesus said, “In heaven their angels
do always hold the face of my Father” (Matthew 18:10). When discussing His return to earth
in the last days, Jesus said, “…the day and hour is known by no man no not even
the angels of heaven” (Mark 13:32).
Other references to angels by Jesus are Mark 8:38; Mathew 13:41, 26:53.
Question 1
Did Jesus believe in angels? Yes _____   No ______

The Hebrew word for “angel’ means messenger. Their principle function in the Old Testament
was to convey the mandates of God to man, announce special events, protect the faithful,
and execute God’s judgment.
Question 2
List the four principle functions of angels in the Old Testament

It was an angel who ordered Abraham not to sacrifice Isaac (Genesis 22:11). An angel reassured
Jacob when Laban attempted to cheat him (Genesis 31:11). Moses attention was called to the
burning bush by an angel (Exodus 3:2). An angel protected Jacob (Genesis 16:11).
The Israelites were escorted in the wilderness by and angel (Exodus 23:20-23. An angel fed Elijah
(I Kings 19:5). An angel brought disaster on the Philistines (Judges 5:23). The invaders of Jerusalem
were destroyed by an angel (II Kings 19:35).

Question 3
Match the functions of angels in the Old Testament with the scripture that expresses that function.

1. To convey the mandates of God to man  
2. To announce special events      
3. To protect the faithful
4. To execute God’s judgment
Genesis 22:11
Genesis 31
Genesis 16:11
Genesis 48:16
Exodus 3:2
Judges 5:23
II Kings 19:35
Psalm 78:49
Psalm 103:20

The New Testament continues the tradition of the Old Testament functions of angels.
Angels announce special events: the birth of John the Baptist (Luke 1:11-20) and the birth
of Jesus (Luke 2:8-14). An angel warned Joseph and Mary to flee to Egypt (Matthew 2:13).
Question 4
Match the function of angels in the New Testament with the Scripture which expresses that function

  1. convey the mandates of God to man
  2. announce special events
  3. protect the faithful
  4. To execute God’s judgment
Matthew 2:13
Matthew 4:11
Matthew 13:39
Matthew 13:41
Luke 1:11-20
Luke 2:8-14
Luke 4:10
Acts 7:53
Galatians 3:19
II Peter 2:6
II Thessalonians
Hebrews 2:2
Hebrews 12:22
Revelation 5:11

The Nature of Angels
Jesus said angels do not procreate and have no marriage relationships
(Matthew 22:20).
Question 5
Do angels have children   Yes _____ No_____
Do angels marry     Yes _____ No _____

Angels can not experience death (Luke 20:36). I Corinthians 13 states
that angels have a language of their own. Jude 6 says they have their own divinely appointed
abode and domain.
Question 6
What does I Corinthians 13 tell us about angels?______________________________
How do we know angels can not experience death?____________________________
Where do angels live according to Jude 6____________________________________

While angels are spirit, they do have a form (Hebrews 1:14).
A body does not necessarily have to be flesh and bone.
Question 7
Hebrews 1:14 says angels have a form. However we know they are spirit. How do you explain the fact
that angels are spirit but have a form?

Angels can eat. In writing about the manna eaten by Israel, the Psalmist calls it
the “bread of angels” (Psalm 78:24-25). When the angels appeared to Abraham at Mare,
they ate roast veal and bread.
Question 8
List two biblical examples of angels eating.

Angels are used by God to direct individuals to action. Angels seem to be repetitious in
what they say to humans. “Get up... Arise… Hurry…Go quickly…” is what
they said to Peter in prison, Gideon, Joseph in his dream and to others.
Question 9
List three biblical examples where angels told men to do something.


Although invisible, angels have taken on physical form. When visible to humans
they appear as young men not beautiful women or as having wings.
Question 10
Describe the physical form of angels
(a) young men (b) beautiful women (c) wings and halo
Angels have supernatural powers. They are immune to flame and heat.
Samson saw and angel ascend in flame (Judges 13:19-20). One angel was able to destroy Sodom and
Gomorrah and other guilty cities (Genesis 19). One angel killed the first born of Egypt (Exodus 12:23).
One angel rolled the great stone from Jesus tomb (Mark 16: 3-6). One angel had power to chain the devil
for one thousand years (Revelation 20:2, 10). One angel killed 185,000 Assyrians (Isaiah 37:36)
Psalm 103:20 says, “Angels…excel in strength.”
Question 11
Give three illustrations of angel’s supernatural powers.

Angels are free moral agents

Some have joined Satan in his rebellion againstGod (Ezekiel 28:14-16). Jude 6 says “Remember the
angels who did not stay within the limits of their proper authority, but abandoned their own dwelling place;
they are bound with eternal chains in the darkness below”.
Question 12
How do we know that angels are free moral agents?

Angels are limited in knowledge.
Both Peter and Jesus state that angels are not omniscient. Prior to Jesus coming angels questioned God
as to how sinful individuals could be saved (I Peter 1:12). Jesus said, “The angels are ignorant
of the day and hour of my return” (Matthew 24:36)
Question 12
How do we know angels are limited in knowledge?

Christians have found strength and courage in moments of fear and danger
as a result of angel’s work. In King David’s words,”The angel of the Lord encamps
around those who love him and He rescues them” (Psalm 34:7). Angels are not just biblical
phenomena. Angels are still protecting and rescuing us today.

The information we have about angels can have practical value for us.
(1) It strengthens our faith in God to know that high ranking spirits have been sent by God to help us
overcome our temptations.
( 2)Our study of angels teaches us humility. It is humbling to learn that angels with supernatural powers
and greater knowledge than ours are willing to perform unnoticed services for us.
(3) A study of angels helps us in the struggle against sin when we remember the messengers of God
are near to record our wrong doing and sustain us if we resist temptation.
(4) A study of angels enlarges our concept of the dignity of mankind.
Question 13
List four reasons for studying about angels.

Spiritual Beings
Week 9         Satan       Day 2
Learning Goals
        You will be able to:
    1. explain the meaning of the name Satan
    2. five example of scriptural evidence that Satan is real
    3. six personality characteristics attributed to Satan
    4. discuss Satan’s original sin
    5. describe the result of Satan’s fall
    6. explain how we know Satan is working in the world today
    7. assurance that God will defeat Satan
The name Satan means “adversary” or “opponent”.
Peter calls Satan “your adversary the devil” (I Peter 5:8).
Joshua stood before the angel of the Lord with Satan standing at his right to accuse
him”(Zechariah 3:1). Satan the Adversary is the opponent and enemy of both God
and His people.
Question 1
What does the word Satan mean?
( ) a bad spirit
( ) adversary or opponent
( ) the evil one
In resent years, many people have taught that Satan does not exist. They claim it is primitive,
naïve, and even superstitious to believe Satan is real. They claim Satan is only a term which
describes the evil in the world. These distorted ideas have no basis in Scripture. The Bible is our
only authoritative source of information about Satan.

Biblically there can be no doubt as to the Devil’s existence and personality.
The Bible states there is a being called “the Devil” and “Satan” (Job 1:6-12, 2:1-7;
Zechariah 3:1-2; Matthew 4:1-11, 13:19; Luke 10:18; John 13:2; Acts 5:3; I Peter 5:8; Ephesians 6:11-12).
He is presented as appearing before God when the Lord challenged him about the devotion
of Job (Job 1:6-12, 2:1-7).
He spoke to Jesus and Jesus spoke to him (Matthew 4:1-11). Jesus refers to Satan at least 15 times
under five different names.
Question 2
List five examples of scriptural evidence that Satan is real.

Personality of Satan
Satan is not only the source of all evil, but the embodiment of evil in a person.
Personal pronouns are used to show that Satan is a living personality (Job 1:8; 2:1-2; Zechariah 3:2)

Satan is shown to have personality characteristics:
        Intelligence—His temptations are referred to
as schemes (II Corinthians 2:11) and as the “wiles of the devil (Ephesians 6:11). In Revelation 12:9
he is said to be “that old serpent, called the devil and Satan which deceived the whole world”.
To deceive takes intelligence and intelligence is inseparable from personality.
        Memory—In his meeting with Jesus
in the wilderness, Satan quoted from the Old Testament (Matthew 4:6).
This could only be done by a living being.
        Knowledge—Revelation 12:12 says,
Satan has, “great wrath because he knows he has but a short time.” An impersonal
abstraction can not know anything.
        Free Will—Satan possesses
the power of free choice. This more proof that he is a personal being (II Timothy 2:26; Isaiah 14:12-13).
        Emotions—Satan has
desires (Luke 22:31), pride (I Timothy 3:6), and wrath (Revelation12:12).
Only living creatures can show these emotions.
        Executive and organizing ability
In Revelation 12:7 and Revelation 20:7-8, Satan is gathering his army to engage in warfare.
Ephesians 6:12 says Satan is head of organized forces that rebel against God.
Question 3
Name six personality characteristics attributed to Satan
1.             4.
2.             5.
3.             6.
Satan’s other names also indicate his reality and personality.
The only other proper name given him is Devil. Other terms emphasize his work or actions.
He is the “tempter”
(I Thessalonians 3:5). He is called “the wicked one” who snatches away
the good seed of the word of God out of people’s hearts (Matthew 13:19).
He is the “enemy" who sows weeds among the good seed (Matthew 13:39).
He is our “adversary” (I Peter 5:8). Jesus calls Satan “the father
of lies and a murderer”
(John 8:44). He is the “supreme deceiver”(Revelation 12:9).
Question 4
How do the other names for Satan indicate his reality and personality?

Origin of Satan
We learned in Week 3 Day 1 that humans were created in the image and likeness of God.
Then by a conscious act of rebellion Adam corrupted the nature of all mankind and became sinful.
The same is true of Satan and the angels that followed him. They were not created in a fallen condition.
Peter writes the angels sinned (II Peter 2:4). Jude declares that the angels “kept not
their first estate and left their own habitation (Jude 6). Satan chose to follow his own desires, he fell
and by persuading others to follow him, he introduced evil into the universe. Satan’s fall is
described in Isaiah 14. This passage says Satan’s original sin was pride. He wanted to be God.
That is the same sin that is common in individuals today.
Question 5
Isaiah 14 says Satan’s original sin was ______________________.

Ezekiel 28:17 explains how Satan allowed pride to overcome him.
“Your (Satan’s) heart was lifted up because of your beauty; you have corrupted your wisdom
by reason of your brightness.” Satan’s lofty thoughts about himself brought about his own ruin.
I Timothy 3:6 emphasizes this: “Least being lifted up with pride he (Satan) fell into the
condemnation of the devil.”

Question 6
Of what personal physical attribute was Satan especially proud? ________________

The root of sin is selfishness. Satan’s motives were totally selfish when he said,
“I will ascend into heaven (from the original earth over which he was ruling), I will be like
the Most High” (Isaiah 14:12-14),
Question 7
What is the root of all sin?

The result of the fall
The once highly respected angel became the original sinner (I John 3:8). He became the author, founder,
and spreader of evil (John 8:44). He stopped living in the truth. Sin became his nature, environment, and delight
(I John 3:8)’ John 8:44). His wisdom became corrupted (Ezekiel 28:17; Romans 1:21-25.)
He came under the condemnation of God (I Timothy 3:6). He was expelled from heaven (Ezekiel 28:16-17;
Revelation 12:7-10). His future destruction is certain (Isaiah 14:12-17; Ezekiel 28:16; Revelation 20:1-3, 7-10).
Question 8
Describe what the following scriptures say are the result of the fall of Satan:
I John 3:8
John 8:44
Ezekiel 28:17
I Timothy 3:6
Revelation 12: 7-10
Revelation 20: 1-3, 7-10

Present Activities of Satan
Some people would have us believe that Satan is imprisoned in hell. This is not true. According to the Bible,
Satan is not restricted to any one place. In Job 1:6-7 and 2:1-2, Satan is appearing before God in heaven.
When God asks Satan where he has been the devil say, “I have been walking here and there,
roaming about the earth.” Satan is active on the earth (I Peter5:8). He is referred to as the
Prince of the Air in Ephesians 2:2, 6:12.
He is also called the Prince of this world (John 14:30; Ezekiel 28:11-19; John 16:11;
Jude 9.
Question 9
How do we know Satan is presently working in our world and not locked away in Hell?

The Future of Satan
The Bible indicates that Satan hopes to defeat God for control of man’s soul. The same scripture says
God has provided each individual an escape from Satan. The certainty of Satan’s defeat is promised:
“And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly” (Romans 16:20).
Question 10
How do we know God will defeat Satan?

Spiritual Beings
Week 9         Demons         Day 3
Learning Goals
        You will be able to:
    1. define the word “demon”
    2. five scriptures where Jesus healed people possessed with demons
    3. seven characteristics of demons with Scriptures that describe them.
    4. how to defeat Satan and his demons

The study of demonism causes many people problems. Some people believe
there are no such things as demons. They claim some physical or mental illness was responsible
for the “demonic actions” described in the Bible. As Christians, the Bible is our guide
as to whether something is true or false. The scripture says a demon is a fallen angel who chose
Satan’s side during the angelic revolt. The Bible uses several different terms such as
“familiar spirits” and “devils” to describe fallen angles.
The term demon refers to Satan’s army.

James 2:19 says, “You believe that there is one God. Good!
Even the demons believe that—and shudder.” This passage demonstrates that demons
think and recognize God.
Question 1
Does the Bible teach that demons exist? Yes _____        No ______

Many times those whom Jesus healed were “possessed with demons”
(Matthew 4:24, 8:16, 9:32, 12:24, 43; Mark 1:24, 32, 34; 3:11-12; Luke 4:41, 6:18).
Question 2
List five scriptures where Jesus healed people “possessed by demons”.

In the Gospels—Matthew Mark, Luke, and John—demons are shown as
knowing Jesus as the Son of God (Mark 5:7). They are said to belong to the kingdom of Satan
(Matthew 12:22-30). They are awaiting torment in hell (Jude 6, Matthew 24:41). They prefer dwelling in
swine rather than going to their own habitant (Matthew 5:11-13). Many demons can live in
one person (Luke 11:24-26). They spoke, possessed personality and intelligence (Matthew 8:29; Luke 4:35).
Jesus was not interested in them, but only in those who were suffering because of them (Matthew 5:8-9).

Question 3
Match the demon’s characteristics in the following list with the scripture that shows that characteristic:

They know Jesus as the Son of God         Matthew 5:11-13
They belong to the kingdom of Satan       Mark 5:7
They are awaiting torment in hell         Matthew 8:29
Prefer swine to their natural dwelling place     Matthew 12:22-30
Many demons can live in one person       Luke 11:24-26
Jesus is interested in helping those demons make suffer        Matthew 24:41
They possess intelligence and personality and speak   Matthew 5:8-9

Jesus healed many people but only a few cases were the diseases said to be cause
by demon possession. In one case demons made a man crazy, another unable to speak, another blind,
and unable to speak, and another had epileptic seizures.
Question 4
Circle the types of diseases listed in the bible as caused by demon possession
1. Heart attack       4. Cancer
2. Blindness         5. Epileptic seizures
3. Insanity         6. Inability to talk

The Bible says the Devil’s angels are organized. Matthew 12:43-45 shows
some demons are more wicked than others. They are rulers of darkness, hosts of wickedness against
whom humans have to struggle (Matthew 25:41; II Peter 2:4).

In Ephesians 6:2, describes the spiritual battle of Christians against the rulers,
powers, forces of darkness and the spiritual forces of wickedness. They army of Satan is evil.
It opposes God’s work. Christians are fighting a great spiritual war.

The Scripture makes it plain that the demoniacs are not just crazy people.
They are people invaded by demons. The demons are evil and their indwelling destroys lives.

Question 5
Fill in the blank
The army of Satan is ____________. Demons __________________ God’s work.
The demons are ________________ and their indwelling _______________ lives.

When Jesus confronted a demon the evil spirit was always overcome. Jesus’ power extends
even into the unseen realm. Faith in Jesus protects individuals from whatever evil a demon
might attempt (Romans 8:37-39). Jesus is our strength in the struggle against Satan and his evil demons.
They are helpless against the name and power of Jesus. If we have trust in Jesus as our Savior
and Lord we can not be defeated by Satan or his demons.
Question 6
How can you be sure that Satan and his demons will never defeat you?
Check the correct answer:
( ) By fearing the demon and obeying them.
( ) By trusting Jesus as Savior and Lord and accepting that he is able to defeat all
( ) By pretending Satan and the demons do not exist.